There are over 600 archaeological sites in Huronia, ranging from First Nations village sites to a single artifact such as an arrowhead. Archaeological research has been underway in this area since the second half of the 19th century and many excavations have been made.
Archaeology is the study of past human societies, primarily through the recovery and analysis of material culture environmental data which they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).
Humans first came to live in the area of Huronia in 10,000 to 12,000 B.C. In the past, it was believed that they came from the Pacific by means of the Bering Land Bridge, but recent thought suggests that these people were possibly trans-Pacific and trans-Atlantic.
The Huronia Museum has some 750,000 artifacts in its collection with some 6,000 items on display. In particular the displays shows the cultural and technological evolution during the period 1200-1650.
The archaeological displays are an excellent compliment to visitors who have experienced the Huron Village.
The time before contact with the French is referred to as Pre-contact, and after trade began with the French, as the Contact period. Metal artifacts in particular signifies the change, although First Nations had some access to and traded copper items.
Displays include: stone tools, pottery, clay pipes, bone tools, beads, wampum, trade axes, metal hinges, nails. and other items.
The Huronia Museum assists the Huronia Chapter of the Ontario Archaeological Society, which holds a monthly public meeting at the museum starting at 7:00 PM on the second Thursday of the month, with a talk about archaeology. These are often on the subjects of Huronia archaeology.
For more information on the Huronia Chapter of the Ontario Archaeological Society